when you think of Utilizing ITS there are main principle planning to create productivity in urban and suburban transportation that is a national necessity it’s inevitable. The undeniable need of society dictates that a comprehensive solution to the challenge.
Providing a solution that is feasible, fast and cost effective will be the requirements of modern society.
This article inspects the dimensions of all four above issues, In the following you will see that by definition and Proper application of ITS technology Losses and Costs of Fleet Theft, Road casualties and insurance losses Also fuel smuggling and Minimizing and organizing energy abuse.
Fuel and energy management will make it easier to move forward with different development plans. In Iran, due to the challenging price of gasoline and diesel, the energy management process has become more important.
Estimated fuel smuggling range varies from 5 million liters of petroleum to 15 million liters of other materials.
However, these figures were only an estimation of the results of reports received by these officials and there are no accurate statistics on the extent of massive fuel trafficking. However, if the current exchange fluctuations rate is calculated, approximately $ 50 billion to $ 150 billion of national capital would be lost on a daily basis. The total consumption of gasoline in Iran is 83.6 million liters each day and Gasoline consumption is also around 80 million liters, a year earlier, ion fact up 11.2 percent, Iran’s fuel consumption is more than 10 times the global standard.
|Daily Consumption||Population||Car for Every 1000 People||Country||Row|
|83Million liters||82 million||213||Iran||1|
|8Million liters||81 million||253||Turkey||2|
|68Million liters||82 million||572||Germany||3|
|25\7Million liters||65 million||578||France||4|
Fuel smuggling, the difference in fuel prices from other countries, and high fuel consumption have made consumption management inevitable.
First steps to restore fuel card to prevent fuel smuggling taken in winter of 1977. But one of the fuel consumption control projects in Iran, the project is a scroll-based fuel delivery project designed solely to control the amount of diesel fuel consumed by the inner-city fleet, it means a community of 200,000 cars
Using an efficient tool (Car tracker) and Equipping the commercial fleet for a fair calculation of the fuel consumption offered in this method increases the accuracy of the calculation and maximizes control over consumption.
ELD licenses are currently being implemented in industrialized countries, including the United States. One of the standard goals of ELD is to control fuel consumption.
According to Iran’s statistics center, nearly half of all thefts in the country belong to car theft, but what is noteworthy is the keen interest of thieves in Iranian cars such as Pride, Peugeot 405, Samand, Nissan. Because the main reason of vehicle theft is always the low car’s safety. Automotive that are immune to thieves are less prone to theft than other ones.
In general in Utilizing ITS , car theft occurs in two completely different types:
1-The primary type is due to the vehicle low safety described in the previous paragraph.
2-The second type is car theft, neglecting or threatening the driver, in this case, theft of imported and expensive cars, In fact, in the second type, thieves attempt to steal a vehicle using knives and other stuff like this as well as bullying, making fatal accidents, fictitious conflicts, providing difficult driving conditions such as throwing objects at the driver and so on. According to Commander Hamid Hadavand, car theft and its components is top of the list for the past two years.
According to the latest statistics for Utilizing ITS in 2016, more than 85,000 car theft cases have been committed in the country.
However, police statistics show a 22 percent increase in the number of car thefts compared to 96.
As a result, the number of vehicle thefts in Iran has always been increasing.
Comparison of car theft from 2003 to 2004 in Iran with Germany from 2003 to 2016.
US car theft rate from 2003 to 2016
But what has reduced the rate of car theft in developed countries?
In this section of Utilizing ITS we examine the country of America. According to the New York Times, in the United States, 1990 census reports 147,000 car thefts per 50 citizens. In 2013, this figure dropped by 96 percent to 7400 thefts against 1100 citizens. But what are the main reasons for this decline?
The first to mention is the type of legislation. Theft of a car in the United States faces severe penalties.
And finally, technology advances in remote vehicle fleet control make it possible to recover stolen cars. Also get alerts when the car suddenly turns on, off and again on…
The capabilities of car tracking systems have greatly reduced car theft in the country when Utilizing ITS.
Statistics in Utilizing ITS show that around 9 people are killed in every 10,000 cars in the world, while 37 are killed in Iran.
If we take an average of 23 to 27 thousand deaths in traffic accidents per year, along with an average of 2,000 injured in these accidents, it is as if a major earthquake occurs every year in Iran.
According to reports by the Chief of the Road Police, the number of fatal car accidents has caused over 2,000 billion tomans in 97, accounting for 8% of the country’s GDP.
Three main causes of human, car and road can be identified in the causes of road accidents and fatalities which emphasize the importance of Utilizing ITS. Contrary to popular perception that the main reason for traffic accidents is sudden passing through the red light, drivers are the main cause of road accidents. In fact, the share of human error in road fatalities is more than 90%, and only 10% is related to non-standard car and road types.
The main contributors to road accidents are 82% of which comes from unauthorized speeding, sudden traffic jams and driver fatigue.
The First Growth Solution, According to the Chief of the Road Police,is Paying Attention to ITS Capabilities. Currently only unauthorized speeds are registered and controlled but what matters most is the overall performance of the driver. In fact, a tool to accurately record the performance of drivers should be used to prevent road crashes. An efficient tool with unauthorized speed logging, abrupt trips, severe brakes and extreme winds can reduce road tolls.
Driver Behavior Control Module enables instantaneous reduction of road crashes and minimizes aggressive driving by recording drivers’ performance. In other words, the main drivers of road tolls being drivers are controlled and standardized.
Also, in this section, we can mention the golden time of emergency cars which is e-Call. By recording the location of the affected vehicles at the moment and sending the nearest vehicle to relief, the golden time is reduced and the process of assisting the injured or rescuing the car will proceed faster.
In the following, we discuss the road tolls and their significant relationship with the insurance industry and the importance of reducing road accidents to increase the productivity of the insurance industry.
Read More: Driving behavior improvement with telematics
In the next section of Utilizing ITS, we explain that only by calculating insurance based on the actual performance of the car will the insurance costs be reduced and its fair calculation will be a win-win agreement for insurance companies and fleet owners.
Alongside casualties and the adverse social, cultural and political impacts, annual road tolls cause severe economic damage, In fact, 43 percent of insurance companies’ payments last year went to third-party insurance. Just look at the annual report of the Central Insurance of Iran to get new road damage statistics. According to the report, insurers paid approximately $ 2.180 billion in damages to insurers in the year 9, which accounted for 4.43% of all third-party insurance in other words, insurance companies have paid more than 78.2 trillion riyals for accident compensation. In fact, the performance of drivers has a direct impact on the toll on the road, and furthermore, the toll on the road is causing a great deal of damage to the insurance industry.
The challenges of the Iranian auto insurance industry include the involvement of sovereignty in the pricing of third party insurance and the determination of policies instead of assigning this task to specialized agencies, the determination of car insurance instead of drivers, the lack of competition and creativity in insurance pricing, the lack of plan design. Insurance companies cited the need for customers and the lack of basic insurance laws.
Another challenge in the insurance industry is to verify the claims of drivers and passengers of the auto fleet.
European and American countries, in addition to preventing false claims, have provided automated performance insurance with the help of the telematics industry.
In fact, any car with a lower performance and a lower risk driver also pays a lower premium. Aggressive drivers who are at higher risk of driving will definitely be required to pay more premium. This pricing method, in addition to recording car performance data and making false claims to zero, reduces the costs of offensive driving and insurance will not be required to pay for such losses.
The results of the survey show that despite the different opinions monitor each of the above sectors, they have not been able to cover the 20 million population of Iran’s auto fleet, such as the introduction of the fuel project.
Based on surveillance SIPAD (the main purpose of this project is to provide fair services including fuel, tires and parts, maintenance as well as better service and Satisfaction of the users of urban transport system) to control the amount of diesel fuel consumed by the city’s fleet of about 250000 communities, Or the Judiciary’s only project to equip more than 15 years self-driving cars with a gps tracker, the Sepahtan Project (The main function of the Sepahtan or Smart Separation Project include the use of GPS data and access to information such as engine status, repair and maintenance conditions, tire replacement times, fuel consumption and, more simply, preventive measures.) aimed at reducing traffic offenses that support about 400,000 suburban fleets. And driver insurance instead of car insurance for fair calculation of insurance, regardless of the outcome of each of the above projects. It is also essential to provide an integrated solution to all 4 challenges.
A solution that reduces the costs of each ward and avoids injuries and casualties.
Technology grows in the field of Utilizing ITS and intelligent transportation make it possible to manage the transportation process and reduce costs across all four challenges. ITS has also facilitated urban traffic management by providing a solution for managing individual and couple projects in major cities. It should be noted that the use of e-Call will also be more efficient and effective with ITS technology.